After God had inflicted ten plagues on the Egyptians, the Israelites were finally allowed to leave the country after their long captivity. As described in the second book of Moses (Exodus 1–12), many children had been born in the meantime. Directly before their departure, the Israelites demanded gold and silver vessels from their neighbours according to God’s commandment, and brought along unleavened bread with them.
Francken describes the departure in many details. Motifs such as turbans, the large, flat hats of the women, and the camels add exotic flair to the procession, while the landscape and the architecture in the background seem more European.