In old age Sarah, Abraham’s wife, gave birth to their son Isaac who took the place of the first-born son, Ishmael, whom Abraham had fathered with Sarah’s maid Hagar. Concerned about Isaac’s claim to inheritance Sarah called on her husband to send Hagar and Ishmael away. Abraham fulfilled her wish. Claude Lorrain has placed the event in a Mediterranean-like landscape in the morning light; Abraham’s house is depicted as a villa with a portico. The patriarch, pointing into the distance, hands the maid a loaf of bread—a final familiar gesture before taking leave for good.