Alexander Keirincx’s forest landscape follows the tradition of Gillis van Coninxloo. However, a direct comparison reveals distinct differences: the loose grouping of trees in this picture enables the viewer to discern a small settlement on the far bank of the river. Green and blue are the dominating colours; brown is only used in the immediate foreground. The increased lack of contrast and spatial depth approaching models of nature reflect new developments in Flemish landscape painting.
The figures are not by Keirincx; they were added by another artist. Groups similar to the Madonna with angels are found in works by Frans Francken the Younger. The bundle of belongings in the foreground and Joseph with the donkey refer to the Flight into Egypt,
where the Holy Family took refuge to escape the henchmen of King Herod.